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Coronavirus (COVID-19) Terminology

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Terminology

  • Booster shots are given to people who are likely to have developed a strong immune response with prior vaccination, in order to help increase, or boost, the immunity they already have. This is because there is evidence from clinical trials that antibodies produced after the first two shots decline over time.
  • CDC – Centers for Disease Control
  • CMS – Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
  • Cohorts are a group of individuals, i.e. residents who are infected with the same organism, i.e. coronavirus and whose care is confined to one area to prevent contact with other individuals, i.e.residents
  • COVID-19 is a disease caused by the novel coronavirus that causes respiratory illness in people and can spread from person-to-person (much like the flu or common cold) through the air by coughing or sneezing; through close personal contact, like touching or shaking hands; by touching an object or surface with the viruses on it; and occasionally, through fecal contamination.
  • Isolation separates sick people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick.
  • N95 Respirator is a respiratory protective device designed to achieve a very close facial fit and very efficient filtration of airborne particles. The edges of the respirator are designed to form a seal around the nose and mouth. Surgical N95 Respirators are commonly used in healthcare settings.The CDC does not recommend that the general public wear N95 respirators to protect themselves from respiratory diseases, including coronavirus.
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE) is any type of specialized clothing, barrier product, or breathing device used to protect workers from serious injuries or illnesses while doing their jobs.These include gloves (vinyl, latex or nitrile); gowns; shoe and head covers; mask or respirators (N95respirator); and other face and eye protection (goggles or a face shield).
  • Quarantine separates and restricts the movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick. Quarantined people may or may not become sick; but separating them from those who were never exposed helps prevent the spread of the disease.
  • Stay at home/Shelter-in-place means to stay at home except for certain essential activities and work to provide life-sustaining business and government services.
  • Variants result when viruses change through mutation and these mutations result in a new version of the virus. Some variants emerge and disappear while others persist. New variants will continue to emerge.